Buderim Dental Surgery

oral pathologies
& diseases

You can expect professional and caring attention for you and your family. We will make smiling fun again!

Common Oral Pathologies
& Diseases We Help Treat

We want to know YOU before we know your dental concerns.

How can it be prevented?
It is hard to prevent cancers in general, but genetics and lifestyle factors such as smoking, heavy drinking and sun exposure do increase the chances of mouth cancer. At Buderim Dental Surgery, we perform an oral cancer screening at your Initial Examination and at every Routine Check-Up.

How is it treated?
If we are suspicious of any areas in your mouth, we will refer you to an Oral Pathologist for an assessment. Oral cancers may require removal and/or radiation therapy and/or chemotherapy.

Tooth wear is a term used to describe the loss of tooth structure either by pathological or natural causes. There are a few factors that may cause tooth wear, and these may include:

* Acid Erosion – it is the corrosion of the tooth usually caused by soft drinks, fruit juice, lemon in water or stomach and eating disorders.
* Bruxism – pathological tooth wear from clenching and/or grinding, usually related to stress, anxiety, pain or it may be genetically predisposed.
* Abrasion – pathological tooth wear usually from incorrect brushing technique.
* Abfractions – pathological tooth wear at the neck of the tooth, close to the gum, caused by clenching and/or grinding or excessive forces.
* Tongue Jewellery – tooth wear from the jewellery hitting or rubbing against the tooth.

How can it be prevented?
You can try to prevent tooth wear by:
* Reducing soft drinks, juice or lemon water consumption ( once a week or special occasions)
* See us regularly to discuss brushing techniques and how to prevent further wear or erosion
* Remove tongue jewellery
* Maintain your 6 monthly routine check-ups
* Talk to you GP about any stomach conditions and eating disorders

How is it treated?
There are several treatment options for tooth wear, depending on the severity and location of the wear, the age of the person, the type of pathology, budget and more. Treatment options range from simple tooth-coloured fillings to night splints and even Botox.

Extrinsic staining can usually be removed by a scale and polish at your dentist, whereas intrinsic staining is a permanent stain which will require dental treatment such as microabration, fillings, veneers, crowns and teeth whitening to fix the aesthetic look of a tooth/teeth.
Internal changes (intrinsic) can be due to:
* Having tetracycline antibiotics as a child
* Trauma to a tooth/teeth
* Too much fluoride as a child
* Genetic conditions
* Age

External changes (extrinsic) can be due to dark or coloured foods and drinks such as:
* Coffee
* Tea
* Red Wine
* Smoke/Chew tobacco
* Curry

How can it be prevented?
Intrinsic staining can be hard to prevent as they usually have already occurred when you were very young or due to an accident or our natural aging process. Extrinsic staining however can be somewhat prevented due to dietary changes and 6 months check-up and cleans by your dentist and most of the time be simply whitened with teeth whitening.

How is it treated?
Intrinsic staining will need to be treated with – teeth whitening, fillings, veneers or crowns to change the appearance as this is a permanent stain within the tooth. Extrinsic stains can be removed with either or a combination of 6 months check-up and cleans by your dentist and teeth whitening.

Dry mouth is caused by the loss of saliva flow which can make you feel thirsty and make mouth feel uncomfortable. Saliva helps protect our teeth, cleanse our mouth and helps with digestion. Without Saliva, our mouths are more prone to dental problems such as tooth decay, bad breath and soft tissue irritation. Talk to your dentist or GP if you experience dry mouth as there may be a range of products to help.

How can it be prevented?

Sometimes dry mouth is caused by factors that cannot be prevented, but your dentist can monitor your salvia flow at your 6 month check up and cleans.
Dry mouth can be caused by:
* Medication ( side effect from anti-depressants, antihistamines, diuretics, beta-blockers, anti-hypertensives)
* Age ( natural aging)
* Disease (HIV/AIDS, Parkinson’s)
* Medical Conditions ( Diabetes)
* Side Effect from Certain Procedures ( Radiation therapy)

How is it treated?
Dry Mouth is usually treated with Biotene mouth sprays, rinses and chewing gum specially formulated for people with severe dry mouth conditions. You can also try to keep your mouth moist by:
* Drink small slips of water regularly
* Use sugar free chewing gum and lollies
* Brush and floss your teeth 2x a day
* Use a humidifier at night time
* Eating foods that contain a lot of fluid and juice such as fruits
* Moisten your foods with gravy, sauces, olive oil, mayonnaise, yogurt

To make your mouth more comfortable by avoiding:
* hot and dry environments
* Caffeinated drinks
* Salty, Acidic, Dry, Crunchy and Spicy foods and drinks
* Alcohol
* Smoking

Oral Thrush can be caused by a range of reasons and is not contagious. If you are concerned, please see your dentist for treatment.

How can it be prevented?
Oral Thrush can be caused by:
* Taking antibiotics
* Poor Oral Hygiene
* Dentures
* Smoking
* Medication (corticosteroid medication for asthma)
* Treatment ( Radiation & Chemotherapy)
* Medical Conditions (Diabetes, HIV, Underactive thyroid, Iron & Vitamin B12 Deficiency)

Sometimes you may be more prone to Oral Thrush due to a medical condition, but you can try to prevent Oral Thrush by:
* Having good Oral Hygiene
* Visiting your dentist every 6 months for a check up and clean
* Remove your dentures at night time
* Cleaning your denture with polident tablets
* Visit your dentist if your denture are loose or uncomfortable
* Avoid Smoking
* Avoid Alcohol

How is it treated?
Oral Thrush is usually treated with anti-fungal medication in form of a gel, liquid or tablets which usually clear up the oral thrush in 1-2 weeks.

Geographic tongue looks like irregular patchy red shapes with sometimes a white border which occurs on the tongue.

The Patches often move around and can occur for months at a time and often reoccurs. Geographic tongue usually genetic, it is not contagious and is harmless and occurs in 2% of the population, with more commonly in females due to hormones and adults. Geographic tongue can sometimes cause discomfort which usually does not need any medical treatment but sometimes a mouth rinse containing antiseptic, anaesthetic or corticosteroids can help.

How can it be prevented?
Geographic tongue cannot be prevented as there is a strong genetic factor. Other factors linked to the condition are:
* Certain Foods – Cheese especially
* Psoriasis – Pustular psoriasis especially
* Diabetes
* Anaemia
* Asthma
* Eczema
* Stress

How is it treated?
There is no known cure for Geographic tongue and is not normally treated unless it is causing discomfort. If you experience discomfort, a mouth rinse containing antiseptic, anaesthetic or corticosteroids can help.

Bone Exostosis usually occurs from middle age and can be found on the roof of the mouth, under the tongue and inner or outer of the buccal gum area. Bone Exostosis can be any shape or size starting from 2mm – 1-2cm and is more commonly found in males rather and females.

How can it be prevented?
Bone Exostosis can be caused by:
* Bruxism (teeth grinding or clenching)
* Genetic Factor (cannot be prevented)

How is it treated?
Bone Exostosis is normally left untreated unless the growths are very large and the patient is struggling to eat, talk or wear a denture. There is no known cure, but if the patient wants the bone exostosis removed it can be done surgically by an Oral Surgeon but can slowly grow back.

Tooth Decay

Tooth decay (A.K.A Caries) is a result from the bacteria in our mouth being excessively and constantly fuelled by the sugars and acids from foods and drinks.

Wisdom Teeth

Wisdom teeth are your last permanent adult teeth (A.K.A 3rd Molars) to erupt, which can happen anywhere from your teenage years right up until your middle age

Gum Disease

Gum disease is probably the most common disease in the world. It happens in adults and children at any age.

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Our passion is to see you have a healthy smile and we are committed to help you achieve it and enjoy it.